Sunday, March 12, 2017

Friday, March 10, 2017

Celebrating at a 16C Flemish Village Fair

From the school of Pieter Bruegel the elder (Flemish artist, 1525–1569) A Village Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Celebrating at the 1590s Village festival in Honor of Saint Hubert and Saint Anthony

1500s Brueghel, Pieter, the younger (Flemish artist, c.1564-1637-8)A Village Fair (Village festival in Honor of Saint Hubert and Saint Anthony)

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Celebrating at the 1500s Village Fair

1500s Brueghel, Pieter, the younger (Flemish artist, c.1564-1637-8) Village Fair Festival.  

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Celebrating at the 16C Flemish Village Fair

Isaac Claesz van Swanenburg (Dutch artist, 1537-1624) A Flemish Fair 

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Monday, March 6, 2017

Celebrating at the 16C Village Fair

1590 Gillis Mostaert (1528–1598) Village Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Sunday, March 5, 2017

Celebrating at the 16C Annual Village Fair

1500s Hans Bol (Dutch artist, 1534-1593) Village Feast, Annual Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Celebrating at the 16C Village Feast of St George

Gillis Mostaert (1528–1598) Feast of St George

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large public gardens.

Sunday, February 26, 2017

1600s Peasants Lawn Bowling

Unknown artist in the style of David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) Peasants bowling

Saturday, February 25, 2017

1460 Golf, Sheep, & Dogs - Illuminated Manuscript

Illuminated Manuscript The Putting Variant of PalleMail. The Nativity, Heures de la Duchesse de Bourgogne, ca. 1460.

Thursday, February 23, 2017

1490 Golf - Illuminated Manuscript

Detail from an Illuminated miniature in French Book of Hours, by The Master of Edward IV group from about 1490.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

16C Women Golfers - Illuminated Manuscript

Book of Hours in Latin and French known as Les Heures de Abbot Guillaume de Bracque for whom it was written and illuminated between 1516 and 1574 (folios 48 verso and recto)

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

1500s Women Golfers - Illuminated Manuscript

Book of Hours in Latin and French known as Les Heures de Abbot Guillaume de Bracque for whom it was written and illuminated between 1516 and 1547 

Monday, February 20, 2017

1500s Golf - Illuminated Manuscript

Book of Hours known as Les Heures de Guillaume de Bracque for whom it was written and illuminated between 1516 and 1547 (folio 48 recto)

Friday, February 17, 2017

Thursday, February 16, 2017

16C Elite Golf & Tennis as symbols of David & Bathsheba

Lucas van Gassel (Dutch artist, 1490-1568) A 1500s depiction of palace grounds illustrating the temptations of David & Bathsheba using Tennis & Beugelen

The principal literary source of inspiration for this paintings came from the pen of Antonio de Guevara, in particular his Del Menosprecio de la corte y alabanzade la aldea (A Dispraise of the Life of a Courtier), published in 1539. At the end of his preface to the Menosprecio, the author refers to the adultery of David & Bathsheba, as described in the bible. Gassel probably included the maze in his paintings as a tempting symbol of courtly pleasures from which it would be difficult to escape. The subject obviously appealed to the nobility, because between 1540-1560, about 12 copies were made at Gassel’s workshop of the original, all very similar in their layout & all including games such as beugelen & an open tennis court.

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

16C Elite Golf & Tennis as symbols of David & Bathsheba

Lucas van Gassel (Dutch artist, 1490-1568) Landscape with courtly pleasure grounds illustrating David & Bathsheba's temptations with Tennis & Beugelen 

Tennis is visible on the right side of these paintings, and in a smaller walled area on the left is a court for an early form of beugelen (a Belgian/Dutch game, sometimes called farmers' golf), though it looks suspiciously like lawn billiards, which claims common ancestry with the French pall mall. 

Saturday, February 11, 2017

16C Elite Golf & Tennis as symbols of David & Bathsheba

Lucas van Gassel (Dutch artist, 1490-1568) The grounds of a Renaissance palace illustrating episodes from the story of David & Bathsheba using Tennis & Beugelen

During the 1500s, artist Lucas Gassel of Helmond 1490-1568 & some of his contemporaries, painted landscapes of Charles V's main palace & its extensive gardens.  They used them to illustrate the biblical story of David & Bathsheba.  They saw the emperor’s extensive gardens as a perfect setting to play a game of tennis, buegelen, or a variety of other courtly pastimes which served as tempting symbols of courtly pleasures easier to enter than to escape.

Friday, February 10, 2017

1779 Women's Cricket Match

Cricket match played by the Countess of Derby and other ladies (1779) 1st recorded woman's game in England was in 1745.

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Monday, February 6, 2017

17C Golf in the Garden

Golf The Prodigal Son, engraved by Nicolaes de Bruyn (1565 - 1652) to a design by Jacob Maertensz. Savery (ca. 1565-1603)

Sunday, February 5, 2017

1668 Klos Course at Het Loo Palace

Klos Course at Het Loo Palace in Apeldoorn, manufactured by J. Call Sr. edited by Peter Schenk I (1661-1713). 1688 - 1700.

Saturday, February 4, 2017

17C Skittles, dogs, & a few chickens

Adriaen van de Velde (Dutch, 1636-1672) Skittle Players in a partially fenced & hedged clearing shared with a pet dog and a few hungry chickens.

Friday, February 3, 2017

17C Skittles for Children

Czech boy with a mallet (4) drives a tennis-sized wooden ball to an iron ring and (3) portrays skittles pins played in a small, enclosed area. Orbis Sensualium Pictus (The Visible World, first edition 1657), a woodcut from the text by Johann Amos Comenius. Orbis Pictus, or Orbis Sensualium Pictus (The Visible World in Pictures) is a textbook for children written by Czech educator Comenius. It is a prototype of a children’s encyclopedia and is considered to be one of the first picture books intended for children.

Thursday, February 2, 2017

An Enclosed 16C Garden filled with Music

1531 Illustration to Cicero, 'Officia'  Augsburg, by Hans Weiditz (German artist, c1500-c1536)  Published by Heinrich Steiner (fl.1530).  Here is an enclosed garden. In 16C manor houses, these enclosed spaces often represented a garden of earthly delights. Enclosed within wattle fences, with grass treated as a flowery mead planted with low-growing wild flowers & herbs. Birds & visitors fill the air with music.

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Tuesday, January 31, 2017

18C Bowling, Nine Pins, Quilles, Boules

Bowling, Nine Pins, Quilles, Boules 1710-30 Hanbury Hall from the Bowling Green; group of 10 men playing bowls, garden wall, beyond which are Hanbury Hall & its dependencies

Monday, January 30, 2017

Medieval Bowling

Bowling taken from medieval manuscripts in Joseph Strutt’s Sports and Pastimes

The pastime of bowling, whether practiced on open greens or in bowling-alleys, was probably an invention from the middle ages. The earliest representation of a game played with bowls occurs in a 13C manuscript, on which 2 small cones are placed upright at a distance from each other; and the task of the players is evidently to bowl at them alternately; the successful candidate being the player who could lay his bowl the nearest to the mark. The French had a similar kind of game, called carreau, from a square stone which, says he, "is laid in level with and at the end of a bowling-alley, and in the midst thereof an upright point set as the mark where at they bowl." Displayed above is a 14C drawing from a MS. Book of Prayers. It represents 2 other bowlers; but they have no apparent object to play at, unless the bowl cast by the 1st may be considered as such by the 2nd, and the game requires him to strike it from its place. Below are 3 people engaged in the pastime of bowling; and they have a small bowl, which serves them as a mark for the direction of their bowl.  The most action is displayed by the middle figure, whose bowl is supposed to be rolling toward the jack.

Sunday, January 29, 2017

Early American Children's Thread The Needle in 1787

1787 Thread the needle A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts 

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Early American Children's Stool Ball in 1787

1787 Stool Ball A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts 

Friday, January 27, 2017

Early American Children's Hop-Scotch in 1787

1787 Hopscotch A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts

Thursday, January 26, 2017

Early American Children's Fives (Handball) in 1787

1787 Fives Handball A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts 

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Early American Children's Shuttle-Cock in 1787

1787 Shuttlecock A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts 

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Early American Children's Base-Ball in 1787

1787 Baseball A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts 

Monday, January 23, 2017

Early American Children's Sports & Games in 1787

1787 A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Instruction and Amusement of Little Master Tommy, and Pretty Miss Poll” by Isaiah Thomas, Worcester, Massachusetts