Friday, March 17, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - When the weather kept folks inside the 17C tavern...

David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) attributed to Backgammon Players.  David Teniers II (Flemish artist, 1610-1690) was born in Antwerp and died in Brussels.  His father was an artist, but young David was the most important member of this family of Antwerp artists. His output was huge and varied (about 2,000 pictures have been attributed to him), but he is best known for his peasant scenes. In 1651, he was appointed court painter in Brussels to Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, governor of the Spanish Netherlands; and he was also made custodian of the archduke's art collection. He compiled a catalogue of part of it, published in 1660 as Theatrum Pictorium, and made small copies of some of the paintings to assist the engravers who produced the illustrations.

As many as eleven artists, all with the name Teniers and all from the same Flemish family, are known to have painted works now in the galleries of the world. The different members of the Teniers family copied each other's works, giving art historians a difficult task in identifying unprovenanced paintings with certainty. In addition, the popularity of their paintings encouraged numerous copies and forgeries to be made.
David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) attributed to Peasants Making Music at an Inn


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) Cardplayers


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) follower Making Music in a Tavern


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) follower Playing Cards in a Tavern


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) follower Tavern Interior


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) follower Tavern Scene


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) Gambling at an Inn


David Teniers the Younger (1610-1690) Tric Trac Players

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Sports & Games - 17C Dutch Royals

Adriaen van de Velde (Dutch, 1636 - 1672) Maliebaen in Den Haag. The exiled 'Winter King', Frederick V, Elector Palatine, plays a scoring or positioning shot to the tall post marking the center of the mall.

Outdoor spaces near local inns & taverns were often the scene of neighborhood recreation in the centuries, before more dedicated grounds & public gardens blossomed on both sides of the Atlantic. Before the advent of public pleasure gardens & parks, elites usually gathered together in more exclusive private spaces.  Public parks & pleasure gardens & dedicated sports grounds became places to meet folks from a broader spectrum of society's classes including elites. 

Friday, March 10, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at a 16C Public Flemish Village Fair

From the school of Pieter Bruegel the elder (Flemish artist, 1525–1569) A Village Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 1590s Public Village festival in Honor of Saint Hubert & Saint Anthony

1500s Brueghel, Pieter, the younger (Flemish artist, c.1564-1637-8)A Village Fair (Village festival in Honor of Saint Hubert and Saint Anthony)

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 1500s Public Village Fair

1500s Brueghel, Pieter, the younger (Flemish artist, c.1564-1637-8) Village Fair Festival.  

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 16C Public Flemish Village Fair

Isaac Claesz van Swanenburg (Dutch artist, 1537-1624) A Flemish Fair 

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Monday, March 6, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 16C Public Village Fair

1590 Gillis Mostaert (1528–1598) Village Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Sunday, March 5, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 16C Annual Public Village Fair

1500s Hans Bol (Dutch artist, 1534-1593) Village Feast, Annual Fair

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large gardens.

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Before Public Gardens & Parks - Celebrating at the 16C Public Village Feast of St George

Gillis Mostaert (1528–1598) Feast of St George

A fair is an ancient tradition. Early Roman fairs were holidays during which the people did not work. In the Middle Ages, many fairs developed as temporary commercial markets, especially important for long-distance trade, where traders could buy & sell. These often were tied to a Christian religious occasion particularly the anniversary dedication of a local church or the feast day of the patron saint to whom the local church was dedicated. Some fairs were seasonal festivals, such as harvest celebrations. To these often religious-based commercial marketplaces townsfolk added processions, entertainment, and food & drink, as these early markets took on the aspect of modern-day fairs. Many communities have long had dedicated fairgrounds; others hold fairs in a variety of public places, including streets & town squares, and large public gardens.